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20+ Info About Medieval Castles That Flip All Stereotypes Into Mud


The Center Ages are sometimes considered as darkish instances however that’s not fully truthful. In spite of everything, issues like windmills, the Gothic type, typography, keyboards, and glasses have been all invented throughout this era.

In medieval castles, very fascinating occasions happened, like intrigues, tournaments, and large feasts. And we at Shiny Aspect wished to take a have a look at how folks lived inside these fortress partitions.

What a fortress is and what they really appeared like

  • Many individuals suppose {that a} fortress is a tall lovely piece of structure the place the king and his household dwell. However this isn’t actually true. A fortress is a fortified development, that means that the partitions are defending totally different buildings inside. The buildings in which wealthy lords lived have been generally known as palaces.

  • In the tenth and eleventh centuries, castles have been extra like fortified camps. In the center of the area, surrounded by a ditch and fencing, there was 1 constructing — a dungeon that was as soon as a wood after which finally a stone spherical or 4-cornered tower. Dungeons, being key defensive constructions, have been additionally used as a place to dwell in: on each flooring, there have been 1 to 2 rooms that weren’t heated or lit nicely. The remainder of the development consisted of warehouses for stock and a forge with a steady. There was additionally a feast room and a kitchen. In case of hazard, all of the folks dwelling in the fortress hid in the dungeon that might stand up to a lengthy siege.

  • Because of films, we have been sure that the within partitions of castles have been gray and darkish. Nonetheless, wealthy folks typically embellished their palaces — it’s simply that the colours have light over time.

  • The flooring have been actually dirty: there have been meals leftovers, drinks, and canine and cat feces. The servants often swept the flooring to make them look clear.

  • Winding staircases have been constructed not solely to save area but additionally for higher protection. The factor is, on a staircase going clockwise, a right-handed warrior would have a lot of hassle shifting. Additionally, for a similar purpose, winding staircases had stairs of totally different sizes.

  • The siege of a fortress might take months or even years and never a lot of warriors have been wanted to defend it. For instance, in the thirteenth century, the Harlech fortress was defended by 36 people for a yr. The identical castle was defended for 7 years by the Lancasters till they have been compelled to surrender in 1468.

What it was wish to dwell in a fortress

  • Earlier than the thirteenth century, castles have been terribly cold. There have been tiny home windows, so daylight couldn’t get by means of and heat the partitions. Solely when the Gothic type appeared did the home windows turn out to be larger.

  • The fireplaces weren’t there from the beginning. In the start, the rooms have been heated with open fireplace. In the central room, there could be a fire and the smoke would get out by means of a gap in the roof. It was a dangerous strategy to get heat and the air was all the time soiled together with the partitions.

  • The sunshine was additionally a downside. It was doable to see one thing solely in the course of the day as a result of the glass at the time wasn’t of excellent high quality and it didn’t let the daylight by means of nicely. There have been torches on the partitions however they produced an excessive amount of soot.

  • The rooms in the castles have been fairly large and so they didn’t have a look at all just like the locations we dwell in right this moment. Fairly often, there have been solely enormous rooms and a number of other secret passages. The large rooms have been typically separated with hanging carpets that have been eliminated when mandatory.

  • In the early Center Ages, everybody that lived in the fortress slept in the identical room: the nobles, the soldiers, and the servants. They have been separated by curtains.

  • Later, the proprietor of the fortress and his spouse would have rooms separate from the others. Such rooms had larger home windows, so there was extra daylight. There would even be a hearth and a large mattress. The mattress was simply dismantled so that the proprietor might take it with him when he traveled someplace. The servants of the lord slept in the identical room.

  • Friends would keep in the house owners’ room. They might put one other mattress in there with a curtain.

  • Bathrooms have been small rooms with benches and holes. The contents of the bogs would go down the gutters into the cesspool or the ditch. The odor was insupportable, particularly in summer time. One in all the ways to conquer a fortress was to go up the drain, hoping the bathroom wasn’t getting used.

  • Bathrooms have been referred to as garderobes as a result of garments have been saved there. Individuals believed that the dangerous odor scared away moths and fleas.

Meals

  • Famine accompanied medieval people on a regular basis — even the aristocrats. That is why, throughout feasts, they’d typically eat so a lot they’d should vomit.

  • The guest placement at a feast was determined in line with standing. An important folks have been at the highest of the desk on a pedestal. Much less essential folks sat close to the exit on wood benches.

  • If a lord wished to entertain his visitors, he would cowl the meals with gold leaf or serve a pie stuffed with dwell frogs.

  • The nobles have been certainly one of the few folks that might eat meat on a regular basis. Nonetheless, it wasn’t the meat, pork, or hen that we’re used to, however slightly, it was the meat of wild animals and birds that they might catch, like swans, geese, geese, peacocks, sparrows, badgers, and hedgehogs. Generally, ambergris, the strong substance from the digestive system of sperm whales, was served.

  • The style of the meals was typically flat as a result of salt was used — to not enhance the style however to preserve the meals for as lengthy as doable or even to assist lower the meat.

  • Individuals ate far much less sugar than we do now. Fruits like oranges weren’t grown in Europe. The Europeans sweetened their meals with honey.

  • Individuals in medieval castles nearly by no means drank any water as a result of it was too soiled. They consumed drinks of fermented grain. And it was all the time the ladies’s accountability to make this.

Leisure

  • One in all the most well-liked types of leisure in the Center Ages was searching. Falconry was the most well-liked of its sort. Girls additionally went searching, and whereas it was more durable for them, it appeared extra spectacular as a result of they needed to chase animals on horses with particular saddles that they needed to sit sideways on. It was harmful to experience horses like that however all of the etiquette guidelines have been meticulously adopted.

  • In the evenings, throughout or after dinner, folks would typically take heed to minstrels. And it wasn’t simply because they liked artwork. It was like watching the news each night.

  • On the territories of medieval castles, there have been common tournaments. In contrast to the stereotypes we’ve turn out to be conversant in because of novels and flicks, the tournaments have been nothing apart from sports activities occasions or staged fights — they weren’t duels. Initially, the purpose was to educate new folks the artwork of the struggle. Nonetheless, some competitions that solely imitated actual fights typically led to deaths as a result of the weapons they used have been typically actual.

Would you wish to go to the fortress of a feudal lord? Inform us why or why not in the remark part under!